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What you need to know about fatty liver disease?

What you need to know about fatty liver disease?

When the liver does not process and break down fats as it normally should, too much fat will accumulate. People tend to develop fatty liver if they have certain other conditions, such as obesity, diabetes or high triglycerides. Alcohol abuse, rapid weight loss and malnutrition may also lead to fatty liver.

Did you know? Medical experts suggest that fatty liver disease is at the core of most liver disorders including liver cancer in India, contributing to the total disease burden of the country. In India, one in three people, or 30% of the population, have fatty liver disease. Among its many other crucial functions, the liver is an organ that removes toxins from the blood, aids in digestion by producing bile, and controls energy levels. Let us understand the key factors behind this condition, the symptoms, precautions and treatment options regarding fatty liver disease in this blog.

Fatty liver disease is a medical condition in which fat builds up in the liver, leading to inflammation and damage. There are two main types of fatty liver disease that include alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). AFLD occurs due to excessive alcohol consumption, while NAFLD occurs in individuals who do not consume alcohol but have unhealthy lifestyle habits. Research suggests that certain health conditions or diseases, your family history, diet and the digestive system may make you more likely to develop NAFLD.

Risk Factors for Fatty Liver Disease

There are several risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing fatty liver disease. The most common risk factors include obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Other risk factors include rapid weight loss, malnutrition, and certain medications. Rising rates of obesity in India and around the world are projected to make NAFLD even more common in the coming years. Medical research suggests that ninety percent of people with two or more metabolic risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and unhealthy levels of fats in the blood may have NAFLD. The condition is becoming increasingly prevalent in children and young adults which is a disturbing fact.

Symptoms of Fatty Liver Disease

In the early stages, fatty liver disease may not cause any symptoms. With the progressing condition, you may notice the below common symptoms that need further care and attention:

  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Jaundice
  • Swelling in the abdomen and legs
  • Mental confusion

Consult a hepatologist for further assistance and diagnosis; do not delay seeking medical care.

Keeping your Liver healthy

Your liver performs essential functions every day. Just like many other parts of the body, fat can build up in your liver. This may damage the liver and lead to serious health problems. It’s normal to have some fat in your liver cells, but excess fat can interfere with your liver’s normal functioning. Here are some ways to keep your liver healthy:

  • Say no to alcohol
  • Make sure that none of your medications are toxic
  • Get vaccinated to protect against hepatitis
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Follow a healthy diet
  • Engage in regular exercise
  • Control existing health conditions
  • Treat liver cirrhosis

Fatty Liver Treatment at Best Hospitals in India

Treatment for fatty liver disease involves lifestyle changes such as losing weight, following a healthy diet, and engaging in regular exercise. These changes can help reduce the amount of fat in the liver and improve liver function. In some cases, medications may be prescribed to manage the underlying causes of fatty liver disease, such as diabetes or high cholesterol. Fatty liver disease is a serious medical condition that can lead to liver damage and other health complications. If you are experiencing any symptoms or have concerns about fatty liver disease, consult experts at our Department of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary surgery for further treatment and care. Know the leading Liver Transplant Surgeon in India

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