Lung Transplant Surgery Cost in India

The cost of a Lung Transplant in India is approximately around USD 30,000. The cost varies according to the type of lung transplant, tests, diagnostic procedures, post-operative follow-up procedures, recovery, rehabilitation, the expertise of skilled surgeons, etc. It can be performed on almost all age groups from newborns to older adults up to 65.

Introduction To Lung Transplantation

Lung Transplant is a surgical procedure in which diseased lungs are partially or fully replaced from those of a donor. It is done to enhance the quality of life and to treat chronic lung conditions. Depending on your medical condition, the procedure may involve the replacement of either of your lungs or both of them. There are cases when the lungs may be transplanted along with a donor’s heart.

What Health Conditions Require Lung Transplantation?

Lungs are the primary and vital organs of the respiratory system. Unhealthy lungs make it difficult for the body to get the amount of oxygen it needs for survival. There are various conditions that can damage your lungs and do not let them function effectively. They are:

  • Sarcoidosis: Tiny collections of inflammatory cells form in the lungs leading to breathing difficulties.

Types Of Lung Transplant — Organ Transplantation

  • Single Lung Transplant: This process involves the transplant of either of the damaged lungs.

When the lungs transplanted come from a deceased organ donor, then the process is called a cadaveric transplant. Healthy and non-smoking adults are also good donors and can donate a part of their lungs which is called a lobe. This transplant is called a living transplant.

What Are The Factors That May Affect Your Eligibility For A Lung Transplant?

A lung transplant isn’t an appropriate treatment for every candidate who has lung disease. There are certain factors that may not allow you from being an eligible candidate for undergoing a lung transplant such as:

  • An ongoing infection

Legal Requirements For Lung Transplant!

  • The donor and recipient would have to stay in India for 2–3 weeks. The process starts with an authorization committee interviewing both the donor and recipient before giving final approval for the transplant.

Note: The above cost of pre and post-transplant logistics will be carried by the patient/attendant.

How To Prepare For A Lung Transplant in India: Taking The First Steps!

If your doctor recommends you lung transplant, then there are certain things to consider and they are:

  • You will likely start with selecting an appropriate transplant center that comes under your insurance plan.

Once you have made your mind about undergoing a lung transplant, you will likely go through a rigorous evaluation process such as:

  • Diagnostic Tests and Procedures: This includes X-rays, CT scans, ultrasound, lung biopsy, pulmonary function tests, dental exams to examine the overall health and lungs status. Women are likely to undergo Pap tests, mammograms, and gynecology evaluations.

Waiting For A Lung Donor

The next step is the transplant center registers your name on a waiting list. It is unfortunate that the number of people waiting for a donor far exceeds the number of donors available and people die before the turn comes.

While your name is registered, your transplant team closely monitors your overall health at regular intervals and treats you with alternate medications. You may need to follow a healthy lifestyle, intake of healthy diet, avoiding tobacco, quit smoking, and do regular workouts. You may also participate in a pulmonary rehabilitation program that helps to enhance your breathing difficulties.

What To Do When You Find A Donor

When a donor is available, the specific criterion is to be followed for the best outcomes. This includes:

  • Blood type

What Happens During The Lung Transplant Procedure

Before the transplant process begins, the team will explain the process either to you or your family member and answer your queries if you might have any. Your doctor will ask you not to eat or drink for eight hours before the surgery. Below is the usual procedure explained which is followed by the transplant team:

Step 1: General Anesthesia: As lung transplant is a complex surgical procedure, the doctor injects general anesthesia so that you will not sense anything or awake throughout the surgery.

Step 2: Ventilator Support: Lungs are the vital organs in the respiratory system and in this case, they are being treated. Therefore, your doctor will put you on ventilator support to help breathe, medicate you for other bodily functions.

Step 3: Incision: The surgeon now cuts and opens the chest along with the main airway and blood vessels.

Step 4: The Removal Step: Now, the surgeon removes the diseased lung.

Step 5: The Actual Step: The doctor connects the healthy organ, reconnects the blood vessels, and stitches the cut.

Lung Transplant Process: Postoperative Complications Associated With The Transplantation!

Like every major surgery, a lung transplant also has its share of complications. This may include:

  • Bleeding

Post-Lung Transplant Surgery: What To Follow

After the surgery, you will be shifted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The doctor will put you on a mechanical ventilator and tubes in your chest that help drain the accumulated fluid from around your lungs and heart.

As your health improves, the doctor will remove the ventilator and you can breathe on your own. The stay in the ICU and the hospital room may vary according to the recovery period.

Once you start recovering, the doctor may discharge you. However, the doctor will closely monitor your health and you have to visit the transplant center for regular follow-ups. During this period, you will have to stay near to the center. After your visits become less frequent, you may travel back and forth from your original place for follow-up visits.

The follow-up visits include chest X-rays, pulmonary function tests, electrocardiogram (ECG), and lung biopsy to check how much you have recovered.

Your doctor may also recommend joining a pulmonary rehabilitation program for improving your breathing effects.

Resuming Life After Lung Transplant

  • Regular Follow-up Visits: You will likely visit for the next three months for regular check-ups and monitoring as instructed by the transplant team.

Success Rate And Life Expectancy After Lung Transplantation

  • The ratio of medicine progression is directly proportional to the life expectancy of patients after lung transplant. In other words, as the patient makes a quicker recovery, the life expectancy becomes more.

What Is The Average Cost Of Lung Transplant In India?

Procedure

Hospital Stay

Cost

Pre-transplant procedure — Recipient

5–7 days

USD 9,000 or depends on the patient’s overall condition

Initial workup for the donors

On OPD basis

USD 3,000 per donor

Live Lung Transplantation — Recipient

Upto 21 days

USD 60,000

Transplant cost for the donors

Upto 6 days

USD 11,000 — USD 13,000

Post-transplant follow-up care

On OP basis actuals

USD 1,000 — USD 2,000 actuals

Note:

  1. The above-estimated cost of lung transplants in India may change as per the patient’s condition.

What Are The Factors Affecting The Cost Of Lung Transplant In India?

The Cost of Lung transplants in India is comparatively less as compared to other developed countries across the world. Patients should check with their insurance companies whether they have coverage plans for organ transplantation. The cost of a lung transplant depends on the following factors:

  • Patient’s overall condition

Patients who have traveled from another city or country need to consider the cost of stay in the new city. Most patients and their family members find accommodation near to the hospital. This also adds up to the total cost.

Why Opt For Lung Transplant In India?

Medical Tourism in India is booming due to reduced treatment costs, availability of the latest medical technologies, qualitative health care meeting international standards, highly trained medical personnel. One of the best factors is doctors are well-trained in western countries and therefore, international medical tourists do not face a language barrier in India. Medserg Health communicates with patients and bridges the gap between them and medical staff by providing information right from traveling to treatment and assisting throughout their medical journey.