Prostate Cancer Treatment

Prostate cancer surgery is recommended in patients where cancer is not metastasized. The most common procedure is a radical prostatectomy.

Prostate cancer surgery is recommended in patients where cancer is not metastasized. The most common procedure is a radical prostatectomy. It can be done as a traditional open surgery or robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery,

Types of Prostate Cancer

  • Localized cancer contained inside the prostate
  • Locally advanced cancer
  • Recurrent cancer comes back after previous therapy
  • Metastatic cancer is when cancer has spread into other areas of the human body.

Risk Factor for Prostate Cancer

  • Age – the odds of getting prostate cancer increase with advancing age.
  • Ethnicity – Black guys are more likely to get prostate cancer.
  • Family history – with a first-degree relative with prostate cancer increases the risk.
  • Diet and obesity will also be important contributing factors.

Signs and Symptoms

Clinically the patient presents with symptoms of:

  • Urination problems like regular recommendation, difficulty in commencing urination, blood in the urine
  • Excessive Amount of PSA (protein-specific antigen) in the bloodstream
  • Bone fractures are seen in metastatic cases of cancer prostate cancer
  • There may be urinary /fecal incontinence in complex cases

 Tests and Diagnosis

  • Medical health history of the Individual taken into Consideration
  • Prostate cancer Is Often detected by a PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test on blood
  • DRE– Digital Rectal Examination and Transrectal ultrasound Additionally Conducted which Assist in Identification
  • A biopsy is Generally Conducted to confirm the Identification
  • To Ascertain the stage of cancer, Cancer Research Such as bone CT scan or MRI scan

 Treatment

  • It depends on the spread of cancer in the prostate gland
  • In the early stages, the aim of treatment is a cure
  • In advanced stages, the objective is to expand the life and relieve symptoms
  • Health and age of the patient

Active Surveillance

It is screening at regular intervals to carefully track the condition of the patient’s prostate, with no immediate treatment.