What is Cerebral Aneurysm?
A bulge in a vulnerable region of a blood artery in or near your brain is known as a “brain aneurysm” or “cerebral aneurysm”. The weaker area is continuously pushed outward by blood flow, resulting in a bump that resembles a blister.
Blood pouring into the bulge causes the aneurysm to grow even worse. Like a balloon that grows thinner and more liable to explode as it fills with air. Your brain bleeds if the aneurysm ruptures or leaks (bursts open). Hemorrhagic strokes, which are caused by bleeding in or around the brain and can result in fatal brain damage, can occasionally happen as a result.
The size, form, and location of cerebral aneurysms vary from patient to patient.
The difference on the bases of size
- Less than 5 mm (1/4 inch) are considered small aneurysms.
- 6-15 mm (1/4 to 3/4 inch) is the size of a medium aneurysm.
- A large aneurysm is 16–25 mm (3/4″–1 1/4″).
- Aneurysms that are giant are greater than 25 mm (1 1/4 inches).
Differentiation of the basis of shape
- Having a well-marked neck and being saccular
- Broad-necked and saccular
- Fusiform (spindle-shaped) and without a clear nec
Why do Cerebral Aneurysms Occur?
The precise reason why an aneurysm ruptures or leaks, causing bleeding in or around the brain, is yet unknown. However, everything that raises blood pressure has the potential to be harmful. Blood pushes against blood vessel walls more forcefully at higher blood pressure levels.
Following are some factors that might raise blood pressure:
- Ongoing anxiety or an unexpected outburst of rage or another powerful emotion.
- Lifting, pushing, or carrying something heavy—such as furniture or weights—with effort.
- Untreated high blood pressure is well known for occurring.
Why is India a Top Destination for Cerebral Aneurysms?
The impressive developments in Indian medical tourism over the past few years show how far the sector has gone. Healthcare is one of the sectors that has contributed the most to revenue and is growing quickly. Both public and private entities support the healthcare sector.
Patients from all over the world choose to have their cerebral aneurysm treatment in India for a variety of reasons. The most important element is the availability of cutting-edge healthcare facilities and highly qualified medical staff at incredibly low prices.
In terms of medical tourism, India has an edge over other nations due to the following:
- Most of the medical team members recruited by Indian hospitals have earned their training at hospitals in the US, Europe, or other advanced economies.
- The significant majority of medical specialists are proficient in English.
- Large foreign corporations provide cutting-edge medical and diagnostic technologies to many of India’s leading hospitals.
- India is home to some of the nation’s finest nurses. India has about 1000 accredited nursing training programs, the majority of which are connected to teaching hospitals, and each year close to 10,000 nurses graduate from them.
- Travelers of all backgrounds may afford first-rate services and luxurious accommodations.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of a Cerebral aneurysm?
A lot of times, cerebral aneurysms go undetected. The brain and nerves, however, may be compressed as the veins become larger and widen. If you see any of the following indications of an unruptured cerebral aneurysm, you should seek immediate medical attention:
- Persistent headache
- A wide-open pupil
- Visual issues like double vision or blurriness
- On one side of the face, there is numbness and a weakening sensation.
- Pain behind and above the eye
- Eyelid sagging
- Speaking impediment
- Nausea and vomiting
A leaking or ruptured cerebral aneurysm poses a life-threatening risk. It needs immediate medical attention. A burst cerebral aneurysm headache is frequently described as the worst headache a person has ever experienced. The intense headache may start out of nowhere and last for several hours or even days.
You could experience some of the same symptoms of an unruptured aneurysm in addition to a strong headache (see list above). You may also possess:
- Rigid neck
- Fatigue or possibly coma.
- Mental disarray
- Equilibrium issues or a feeling of being off balance.
- Speaking with difficulty.
- Lack of strength or sensation in the arm or leg.
- Chest pains.
How is Cerebral Aneurysm Diagnosed?
Since unruptured brain aneurysms typically don’t manifest any symptoms, the ailment is frequently discovered in patients who are receiving treatment for other illnesses.
The following examinations are advised for those whose doctors fear they may have brain aneurysms:
- Computed tomography (CT) scan: A head CT scan can assist identify any brain hemorrhage.
- Lumbar puncture: A lumbar puncture, also known as a spinal tap, may be performed if the doctor thinks that the patient has a burst brain aneurysm (subarachnoid hemorrhage). The cerebrospinal fluid that circulates in the subarachnoid area is tested for the presence of blood.
- Cerebral angiogram: This procedure is used to locate the aneurysm and arrange therapy appropriately. A catheter is introduced into a blood artery in the arm or groin and advanced through the channel into the brain during this angiography. The cerebral artery is then given a dye injection to help radiologists see any arterial issues, such as aneurysms, on an X-ray. Cerebral angiography is an effective way to find tiny brain aneurysms despite being a more intrusive and risky examination than others (less than 5 mm).
- Computed tomography angiography (CTA) scan: CTA is a more accurate test than a lumbar puncture for assessing blood arteries. In order to create pictures of the blood arteries in the brain, the approach combines the use of a CT scan with specialized computer methods and a contrast agent or dye that is injected into the blood.
- MRA (magnetic resonance angiography): MRA also produces pictures of the blood arteries, similar to CTA. This method creates sharp pictures by using a magnetic field and radio wave energy pulses, most frequently in combination with a contrast dye.
Occasionally, the first imaging test may not detect a burst aneurysm. Your doctor could suggest a lumbar puncture if your symptoms suggest a burst aneurysm (spinal tap). This examination reveals whether there is blood present in the cerebrospinal fluid.