There can be multiple reasons for the occurrence of knee joint pains. With the passing of time, if such conditions are avoided, then it leads to serious consequences like injuries. Following are the description of the causes or reasons for knee pains.
Aging is one of the most common factors that account for knee pain. It can be mild, moderate, and severe depending upon the type of the situation. When a person walks, the knee experiences a pressure equal to one and a half part of the body weight. As soon as age passes the metabolism tends to slow.
The causes of knee trauma injury are tumbling, contusion, knee sprain, fracture, punching, etc. These certain activities cause pains in a specific area around the knee or overall knee parts depending on the situation and type of injury.
A ligament is a tissue that is responsible for the flexible movement and change in direction. The breakout of a ligament is caused by the sudden movement or twitching or overstretching of the knee area due to heavy exercises or rigorous activities.
The term bursitis came from the bursa which is fluid containing sac present between the skin and joints of your knee. The fluid is responsible for preventing the friction of the knees caused by the repeated bending of the knees and frivolous movement.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune and inflammatory disorder that causes serious damage to the joints leading to swelling around the knee area. Arthritis around the knee area is most commonly observed in senior citizens these days. The pain is at its peak during the morning and slowly fades with the movement.
What Are The Treatments Available For Treating Knee Pains?
In certain cases, knee pain should not be avoided. The diagnosis and imaging reveal the severity of the damaged areas or whether there is a requirement for specific treatments. Here are the different types of knee pain treatment available are:
Physiotherapy treatments are a customized set of exercises according to knee problems. A physiotherapist makes sure that the affected person follows a certain set of exercises that are beneficial for their knee. Sometimes, knee braces can be helpful as a part of treatment but are not widely suitable for all. The doctor or physiotherapist’s advice is required in such cases.
Standard painkillers have often been prescribed the doctors and physicians for treating knee pain. The strong painkillers have a different composition than the standard ones, and therefore, are only prescribed in case of severe knee injuries. Since these types of painkillers can cause side effects, they should be taken as advised by doctors and physicians.
Motivational Talks And Pain Management Programs
These are the non-surgical methods for treating knee pain. Various organizations offer such programs that could be helpful in the treatment of knee injuries. The program includes specific exercises, pulsed electromagnetic fields, ultrasound, stretching, etc. The program structure depends upon the intensity of the knee pain and injuries.
In some cases, injecting medications on the knee is advisable. For instance, the corticosteroid injection contains corticosteroid medicine is injected inside the knee for relieving pain and is effective in the case of arthritis flare but not advisable for all types of knee diseases.
In case if the fluid that causes lubrication damages, then the external fluid (hyaluronic acid, which resembles the bursa fluid) is injected from inside the knee.
If the injury is severe, then in some cases surgery is advisable. The surgical types depend upon the type of knee injury that occurred.
Arthroscopic surgery is signified as incisions around the knee area. This surgery helps remove extra parts or tissues, remove the disrupted cartilage, and treatment of ligaments.
In addition, partial knee replacement in India occurs by removing the damaged parts of cartilage or ligaments and substituting them with metal parts. The total knee replacement cost accounts for the replacement of entire damaged bones and cartilages with metal alloys and polymers.
Prevention is Better Than Cure
Well, you must be wondering how to get rid of knee pain without harming your other organ with medicines. To avoid serious injuries and severe treatments, people can include some healthy habits in their lifestyle that can reduce the chances of getting knee injuries. Here are some of the healthy habits and preventive measures.
The fact that a minimum of 30 minutes of exercise daily can solve most of the body’s problems and can improve a person’s metabolism as well. If a person includes a little amount of exercise, he/she is likely to face fewer problems in the future.
Certain free cardio or exercise programs are available free on YouTube. But make sure not to rush, start with a little, and one day every little effort will add up to something big producing fruitful results. For knee pain, common stretching exercises are considered sufficient.
Maintain a Healthy Weight
Losing an excessive amount of weight can help treat knee pains and injuries as well as excess weight puts extra pressure on the knee joints. There is no need to shed excess weight but maintaining the proper body mass index according to your height is the key factor. If you need help, there are weight loss programs available on the internet but make sure to proceed with caution and do not blindly follow any program as it can be detrimental sometimes.
Wear Proper Shoes
When you have chances of knee problems wearing fancy heels and shoes shall surely be avoided as advised by the doctors. Wearing high heels and fancy shoes uplifts your leg leading to bear more pressure on the knees which can cause pain and injuries. Alternative options like comfy sneakers or flat sandals are much more preferable that allow proper movement and alignment of the legs providing less pressure to the knee area. Anyways sneakers are a trend these days!
Pay Attention to Posture
Some people develop a habit of bending forward or relying too much on the support that they don’t even realize when their posture takes a bad shape. A bad posture can affect many body parts even the knees. To maintain good posture, always remember to stand still, sit straight, and not bend forward too much.
Wear Knee Guards
While performing heavy activities like hiking and roller-coasting, it is important to wear proper knee caps to prevent your knees from injuries and bruises